ROUTES IN THE HOYA DE BAZA
All the photos on this page were taken by Geopark Granada during the routes in the Hoya de Baza
These proposals have been designed to unite geological and historical points of interest, making the excursion as complete as possible and also obtaining a pedagogical value with respect to an introduction to the fascinating world of the Baza highlands.
The peculiar landscapes, although not totally surprising as those that we travel in the Guadix basin, have nevertheless a great geological value that lends itself well to information and guided interpretation of the processes and events that led to the current conformation of the highlands and of the Guadix basin.
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This interesting full-day excursion covers 170 km, almost all on secondary tracks, as well as enjoying small walks in a fascinating landscape between wadis and areas of particular geological interest.
We will visit the Zujar thermal waters and a sedimentary formation of organic-chemical type, one of the best views of the Baza fault and its outcrops, (this fault led to the division of the Intrabético furrow into two basins, one of Guadix and Baza), an underground river, the former exploitation of sulfur and saltpeter, a curious cave that may be formed by the erosion of an ancient river, remains of ancient earthquakes ...
After lunch in Galera, the group can decide whether to visit the very interesting archaeological museum of Galera with one of the most preserved mummies in Europe or to visit the geological site of the Argar period (the time between the complete and final bronze, between 1900 and 1600 years before Christ).
We can also visit the Iberian necropolis of Tutugi that is still under study and excavation.
THE JABALCÓN MOUNT
An excursion from Freila that lasts half a day and can be completed with a relaxing bath in the thermal waters of Zújar and a meal on the terrace of the Baños de Zujar on Lake Negratin.
From Gorafe to Bacor the resort will be per rambla, we will observe (among others) closely the landscape eroded with carcavas, a diapir, marine fossils ...
The Jabalcón, a mountain that rises like an island in the point that traditionally and geologically divides the two sub-basins of the Hoya of Guadix-Baza, is defined by geologists with the word "Inselberg", meaning isolated rock mountain.
Before this correction (8/6/2019) we had mistakenly defined it as "horst" based on the text of an article we had previously encountered on the internet (Dialnet-LaVegaDeZujarGranada-2297142.pdf) but in the last informant course of the Geopark of Granada, dr. Francisco Juan García Tortosa, profesor titular de la Universidad de Jaén (Geólogo del Geoparque de Granada Francisco) pointed out that there is no system of two or more faults that can conform the relief as Horst.
The difference between the two terms refers to the origin of the formation.
In this excursion you will know what has determined the subdivision of a great single depression in two different basins with different landscapes.
You will also see: cave paintings dating from the Neolithic period, the Baza fault, the thermal baths that were previously Roman and Arab, a peculiar sedimentary formation, spectacular views ...
And to end the tour, if you depart from Freila, bring the swimsuits to enjoy and relax in the thermal pool with a fabulous view of the lake.
FROM THE 1º DE APRIL TO 31 SEPTEMBRE 2019
Cost for 2 people
Additional fee for extra guest 20€
Start from Freila add 9€
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Altipiano de Baza